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Belize vil stoppe oliejagt ved koralrev

Regeringen i Belize vil stoppe søgen efter olie i det skrøbelige koralrev Belize Barrier Reef, som er en del af Det Mesoamerikanske Koralrev og på UNESCOs liste over verdens naturarv. 

Belmopan, Belize, 18 August 2017 (WWF): The Belize government’s decision today to introduce critical legislation to establish a permanent moratorium on offshore oil activity in and around the Belize Barrier Reef has been welcomed by WWF, Oceana and other members of the Belize Coalition to Save Our Natural Heritage as a landmark step forward for the World Heritage site and marine conservation globally.
 
The move to stop damaging oil exploration in Belize’s territorial sea and Exclusive Economic Zone, expected to be adopted in the country’s next parliamentary session in November 2017, marks an important first step toward protecting coastal and marine ecosystems worldwide and safeguarding the largest barrier reef in the western hemisphere, a significant biodiversity hotspot.
 
“At a time when nature is under increasing pressure and being lost at an unprecedented and accelerating rate, we are beginning to realise its irreplaceable contribution to our own economy and welfare", said Marco Lambertini, Director General, WWF International.

"The Belize government’s commitment to protect the Belize Barrier Reef sets an example for the kind of leadership we urgently need to protect our planet’s oceans and some of its most productive, outstanding - and yet, extremely vulnerable - places,” he continues. 

UNESCO World Heritage Site
 
The Belize Barrier Reef, a UNESCO World Heritage site since 1996, is home to almost 1,400 species and serves as a critical source of livelihood for over half of Belize’s population. In October 2016, a decision to allow seismic testing for oil barely one kilometre away from the site caused national and global outcry over concerns on the potential impact on the site and its unique ecosystems.
 
“Last year’s mobilization showed how we stand united in our determination to protect the reef - a source of life, tradition and pride for all of us in Belize. We are heartened by today’s decision which demonstrates the government’s commitment to protect our national treasure,” said Nadia Bood, Mesoamerican Reef Scientist at WWF.

“We now need to continue our efforts, as decision-makers, civil society and individuals, to ensure the reef and its remarkable biodiversity is safeguarded for marine life and communities for years to come.”

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Folkeslag og historie

  • Læst: 1123 gange

Itza'erne var eet af de folkeslag, der udgjorde mayaernes imperium, som inkluderede det sydlige af vor tids Mexico, Guatemala og Belice. De slog sig ned i Belice, og deltog i opførelsen af byerne Lubaatún, Pusilhá og det, arkæologerne i mangel af bedre kalder San José.

I 1502 styrede Columbus mod landets kyster og døbte det Bahia de Honduras. Det var primært spanierne, der udgjorde områdets vigtigste kolonimagt, men det lykkedes dem aldrig at erobre Belice, hvor de mødte voldsom modstand fra den oprindelige befolkning. Spanien tillod i henhold til Paris-traktaten fra 1763, at englænderne satte sig på udnyttelsen af ædeltræ; en autorisation, der bekræftedes i Versailles-traktaten fra 1783. Fra hovedkvarteret i Yucatan - det nuværende Mexico - forsøgte spaniere gentagne gange at fordrive englænderne, som hovedsageligt var beskæftiget med sørøveri. Briterne havde i 1798 opnået fuld kontrol over øen, selv om spanierne stadig officielt bevarede overherredømmet. Først i 1862 blev Britisk Honduras en engelsk koloni. En regering udnævnt af den britiske krone indførtes i 1871 og området blev administreret af guvernøren på Jamaica indtil 1884.

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About Belize City

Belize City is the largest city in the Central American nation of Belize. Unofficial estimates place the population of Belize City at 70,000 or more. It is located at the mouth of the Belize River on the coast of the Caribbean. The city is the country's principal port and its financial and industrial hub. Several cruise ships drop anchor outside the port and are tended by local citizens. The city was almost entirely destroyed in 1961 when Hurricane Hattie swept ashore on 31 October. It was the capital of British Honduras (as Belize was then named) until the government was moved to the new capital of Belmopan in 1970.

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Premierministre i landet

George Cadle Price (1981-84)

Manuel Esquivel (1984-89)

George Cadle Price, 2. gang (1989-93)

Manuel Esquivel, 2. gang (1993-98)

Said Musa (1998-2008)

Dean Barrow (2008, 2012 - )

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Belize - historie

Mayaerne, hvis civilisation nåede sit højdepunkt i 800-t., boede stadig i det nuværende Belize, da spanierne ankom i 1500-t. og fik overhøjhed over området, om end det blev mere formelt end reelt. I 1650'erne bosatte engelske kolonister sig i Belize og blev støttet juridisk, militært og økonomisk af England. Belize kom under faktisk britisk administration i 1786 under navnet Britisk Honduras, men først i 1862 fik det status som kronkoloni.

Spaniens sidste forsøg på at opretholde overherredømmet over Belize og fordrive englænderne fandt sted i 1798. Udviklingen i Belize forløb parallelt med den i Vestindien, men tømmer og ikke sukker var den økonomiske basis. Ligesom på øerne fandt der mange slaveoprør sted; en større revolte i 1773 blev slået ned af britiske enheder fra Jamaica. Slaveriet blev ophævet i 1834, men de sociale problemer fortsatte, og i 1894 endte et lønkrav i oprør og indsættelse af britiske tropper.

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Getting close to Belize

Identification. Previously called British Honduras, the country now known as Belize derives its name from one of two historical sources: Maya root words or the surname of the Scottish buccaneer Peter Wallace, who maintained a camp near present-day Belize City in the seventeenth century. Belizeans affectionately refer to their country as "the Jewel."

The formation of a consciousness of a national culture coincided with the growth of the nationalist movement in the 1950s toward independence. It was a phenomenon that occurred simultaneously among neighboring British West Indian colonies.

Ethnic and geographic identification coincides with the areas where ethnic groups settled. In the north and west there are the mestizos, people formed by the union of Spaniards and Maya. In the central part, there are the Creoles, formed by the intermarriage of the British and their African slaves. In the south, there are the Garifuna, also called Black Caribs, along the coast and the Maya farther inland.

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